Nutrition is an important factor in the treatment and progression of cancer. The majority of cancer patients experience weight loss as their disease progresses and, in general, weight loss is a major prognostic indicator of poor survival and impaired response to cancer treatment. Symptoms such as anorexia, depression, anxiety, fatigue, early satiety and pain can result in decreased appetite and food intake. Cancer treatment and its side effects may result in weight loss, for example surgery malabsorption, radiotherapy nausea, pain, diarrhoea, mucositis and chemotherapy nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, mucositis. Weight loss may be due to mechanical obstruction caused by the cancer itself, such as obstruction of the oesophagus causing swallowing problems and reduced intake. Several clinical trials have demonstrated that appropriate nutrition care can help to overcome nutrition impact symptoms and help patients to maintain their weight and quality of life. Nutrition is one aspect in which people with cancer and their carers feel they can play an active role, and they may actively seek nutrition information from a variety of sources.
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